Popular in the 1860s through 1890s, the most characteristic feature of the High Victorian Gothic style is the pointed arch, often used as a window frame or surface decoration. The High Victorian Gothic style is similar to the earlier Gothic Revival style, but is a more heavier, more substantial version of the style. The High Victorian Gothic style was used mostly for large scale public buildings like schools, churches, or government offices, but was sometimes chosen for mansions or homes of substantial size.
Always executed in brick or stone, High Victorian Gothic buildings are distinguished by the use of polychrome bands of decorative masonry. Stone quoins, pressed brick, and terra cotta panels were commonly used. Windows and doors were accented with brick or stone trim, often in contrasting colors. The Gothic pointed arch may be present at windows, entrances, and decorative dormers and cross gables.
Several buildings designed in the High Victorian Gothic style can be found throughout the downtown area.
Boston & Maine Railroad Depot (1876), 240 Central Street
Appleton Block (1879), 166 Central Street
Wyman's Exchange (1878, ca. 1909 top two stories), 9 Central Street
First Congregational Church (1884), 412 Merrimack Street